Chapter 3 Long Descriptions

Description of Figure 3-1

GERD as a percentage of GDP, 2006 and 2013
country 2006 2013
Israel 4.19 4.21
Korea 2.83 4.15
Japan 3.41 3.47
Finland 3.34 3.31
Sweden 3.50 3.30
Denmark 2.40 3.06
Chinese Taipei 2.43 2.99
Switzerland (2004, 2012) 2.68 2.96
Austria 2.37 2.95
Germany 2.46 2.85
United States 2.55 2.73
Slovenia 1.53 2.59
Belgium 1.81 2.28
France 2.05 2.23
Australia (2006, 2011) 2.00 2.13
China 1.39 2.08
Singapore (2006, 2012) 2.13 2.00
Iceland 2.91 1.99
Netherlands 1.77 1.98
Czech Republic 1.23 1.92
Estonia 1.12 1.74
Norway 1.46 1.65
United Kingdom 1.65 1.63
Canada 1.96 1.62
Ireland (2006, 2012) 1.21 1.58
Hungary 0.99 1.41
Portugal 0.95 1.37
Italy 1.09 1.26
Spain 1.17 1.24
New Zealand (2005, 2013) 1.12 1.17
Luxembourg 1.69 1.16
Russian Federation 1.07 1.12
Turkey 0.58 0.94
Poland 0.55 0.87
Slovak Republic 0.48 0.83
Greece 0.56 0.80
South Africa (2006, 2012) 0.90 0.73
Argentina 0.40 0.58
Mexico 0.37 0.50
Chile (2007, 2013) 0.31 0.39
Romania 0.45 0.39

Source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, July 2015.

Return to figure 3-1


Description of Figure 3-2

Federal Government Funding of R&D to the Higher Education Sector, 1990–2014 (billions of dollars)

Federal Government Funding of R&D to the Higher Education Sector, 1990–2001 (in billions of dollars)
  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Federal Government Funding of R&D to the Higher Education Sector 783 813 849 873 870 855 809 793 863 1085 1293 1587
Federal Government Funding of R&D to the Higher Education Sector, 2002–2014 (in billions of dollars)
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Federal Government Funding of R&D to the Higher Education Sector 1817 2182 2337 2542 2488 2720 2811 2932 3074 3165 3086 3128 3160

Source: Statistics Canada, Table 358-0001 (accessed July 28, 2015).

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Description of Figure 3-3

HERD as a Percentage of GDP, 2006 and 2013
Country 2006 2013
Denmark 0.62 0.97
Sweden 0.72 0.90
Switzerland (2006, 2012) 0.60 0.83
Austria 0.57 0.76
Estonia 0.45 0.74
Finland 0.63 0.71
Iceland 0.69 0.65
Canada 0.65 0.65
Netherlands 0.60 0.64
Australia (2006, 2012) 0.50 0.63
Israel 0.62 0.59
Singapore (2006, 2012) 0.51 0.58
Czech Republic 0.23 0.52
Norway 0.45 0.52
Portugal 0.30 0.52
Germany 0.40 0.51
Belgium 0.39 0.49
Japan 0.43 0.47
France 0.39 0.46
United Kingdom 0.43 0.43
Turkey 0.30 0.40
United States 0.35 0.39
Korea 0.28 0.38
Ireland 0.33 0.36
New Zealand (2005, 2013) 0.36 0.36
Italy 0.33 0.35
Spain 0.32 0.35
Chinese Taipei 0.30 0.32
Greece 0.27 0.30
Slovak Republic 0.11 0.27
Slovenia 0.23 0.27
Poland 0.17 0.25
South Africa (2006, 2012) 0.18 0.22
Hungary 0.24 0.20
Argentina 0.11 0.18
Luxembourg 0.04 0.18
China 0.13 0.15
Chile (2007, 2013) 0.13 0.15
Mexico (2006, 2011) 0.10 0.12
Russian Federation 0.07 0.10
Romania 0.08 0.08

Source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, July 2015.

Return to figure 3-3