Annex 2 Long Descriptions

Description of Figure 2A

BERD and BERD Intensity in Canada, 2000–2015

BERD and BERD Intensity in Canada, 2000–2007
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Total business enterprise research and development intramural expenditures (billions of dollars) 12.40 14.27 13.55 14.09 15.14 15.64 16.47 16.76
BERD/GDP
(billions of dollars)
1.13 1.26 1.15 1.13 1.14 1.11 1.11 1.07
BERD and BERD Intensity in Canada, 2008–2015
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total business enterprise research and development intramural expenditures (billions of dollars) 16.64 16.04 15.80 16.89 16.70 16.03 15.88 15.46
BERD/GDP
(billions of dollars)
1.01 1.02 0.93 0.91 0.88 0.82    

Sources: Statistics Canada, Table 358-0024 (accessed July 16, 2015); OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, January 2015.

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Description of Figure 2B-1

Product Innovation by Industry (percentage of surveyed firms)
sector 2007–2009 2010–2012
Professional, scientific and technical services 46.4 50.7
Manufacturing 48.6 46
Information and cultural industries 54.3 45.6
Real estate and rental and leasing 4.8 42.7
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services* N/A 41.3
Construction 17.8 39
All surveyed industries 34.8 35.1
Finance and insurance 35.6 34.2
Wholesale trade 36.4 33.3
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 27.1 26.8
Utilities 22.3 26.3
Retail trade* N/A 23.1
Transportation and warehousing 30.6 23.1
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting* N/A 0.9
Management of companies and enterprises** 0 N/A

* 2007–2009 data unreliable. Return to text

** 2010–2012 data unreliable. Return to text

Source: Statistics Canada, Table 358-0221 (accessed October 20, 2014).

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Description of Figure 2B-2

Process Innovation by Industry (percentage of surveyed firms)
sector 2007–2009 2010–2012
Manufacturing 12.1 44.5
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services* 46.4 32.6
Professional, scientific and technical services 58.1 48
Utilities 34 23.2
Construction 36.3 30.6
Transportation and warehousing N/A 8.8
Information and cultural industries 40.1 36.9
All surveyed industries 35.7 29.7
Finance and insurance 33.5 29
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 30.5 24.8
Wholesale trade 28.7 27.8
Real estate and rental and leasing 31.5 35.8
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting* 13.9 7
Retail trade* 28.7 22.1
Management of companies and enterprises** 0 N/A

* 2007–2009 data unreliable. Return to text

** 2010–2012 data unreliable. Return to text

Source: Statistics Canada, Table 358-0221 (accessed October 20, 2014).

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Description of Figure 2C

International Comparison of the Change in Multifactor Productivity, 1995–2013
Country Average annual change
(percentage)
Korea 3
Ireland 1.6
Finland 1.2
United States 1.1
Sweden 1
United Kingdom 0.8
Germany 0.8
Australia 0.8
Austria 0.7
France 0.7
Japan 0.6
Canada 0.6
Switzerland 0.5
Netherlands 0.4
New Zealand 0.2
Belgium 0.2
Denmark 0.1
Spain -0.1
Italy -0.3

Source: OECD, Growth in GDP per Capita, Productivity and Unit Labour Cost (ULC) (accessed October 22, 2015).

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Description of Figure 2D

International Comparison of Export Market Share (percentage) in R&D-Intensive Industries, 2013
Country Pharmaceutical
industry
Computer,
electronic and
optical industry
Aerospace industry
United States 8.31 8.17 30.74
Germany 14.66 4.79 13.43
China 2.41 28.28 0.98
France 7.31 1.56 17.67
United Kingdom 6.32 1.50 9.92
Switzerland 12.02 1.49 0.58
Belgium 10.19 0.56 0.61
Singapore 1.53 5.69 2.78
Netherlands 4.58 2.95 0.91
Italy 4.83 0.70 1.88
Korea 0.30 5.85 0.59
Japan 0.70 4.14 1.82
Ireland 5.53 0.50 0.39
Chinese Taipei 0.10 5.31 0.18
Canada 1.08 0.62 3.48
Spain 2.65 0.24 2.04
Mexico 0.38 2.94 0.47
Austria 1.90 0.45 0.58
Denmark 2.44 0.28 0.13
Sweden 1.67 0.63 0.26
Russian Federation 0.11 0.16 1.99
Israel 1.18 0.48 0.57
Poland 0.59 0.63 0.59
Hungary 0.93 0.80 0.03
Czech Republic 0.38 1.01 0.23
Australia 0.66 0.16 0.38
Slovak Republic 0.09 0.66 0.01
Slovenia 0.59 0.04 0.02
Turkey 0.16 0.11 0.25
Argentina 0.19 0.01 0.31
Finland 0.24 0.15 0.09
Romania 0.25 0.14 0.07
Norway 0.15 0.14 0.16
Portugal 0.19 0.10 0.07
Greece 0.27 0.03 0.05
South Africa 0.09 0.07 0.14
Estonia 0.01 0.10 0.00
New Zealand 0.06 0.02 0.02
Luxembourg 0.02 0.02 0.06
Chile 0.04 0.02 0.01
Iceland 0.02 0.00 0.00

Source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, January 2015.

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