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The Science, Technology and Innovation Council (STIC) was established in October 2007 to provide external advice to the federal government in the domain of science, technology and innovation (STI). STIC replaced a number of existing S&T advisory bodies to consolidate this advisory function into one council.

STIC has a dual mandate:

  1. STIC provides the government with confidential, timely and evidence-based advice on STI policy issues that advance Canada's economic development and societal well-being. Advice is provided on specific issues ("charges") referred to the Council by the government.
  2. STIC produces biennial, public State of the Nation reports that assess and benchmark Canada's STI progress and performance, particularly against that of international jurisdictions. The reports track trends in Canada's performance and identify areas of Canada's STI strengths and vulnerabilities. The reports provide a common evidence base for decision-making by governments, industry, and academia, and serve as a vehicle to engage the various partners of Canada's STI ecosystem.

STIC is supported by a Secretariat staffed by federal public servants. The Secretariat provides analytical, advisory, and administrative services to the Council.