The Science, Technology and Innovation Council (STIC) is an important element of the Government of Canada's 2007 Science and Technology (S&T) Strategy, Mobilizing Science and Technology to Canada's Advantage. The 2007 S&T Strategy recognized the importance of effective, independent and integrated advice on science, technology and innovation (STI) issues to help inform government decision-making. To meet this need, STIC was established in October 2007 to provide external advice to the federal government. STIC replaced a number of existing S&T advisory bodies to consolidate this advisory function into one council.

STIC has a dual mandate:

  1. STIC provides the government, through the Minister of Industry and the Minister of State (Science and Technology), with confidential, timely and evidence-based advice on STI policy issues that advance Canada's economic development and societal well-being. Advice is provided on specific issues ("charges") referred to the Council by the government.
  2. STIC produces biennial, public State of the Nation reports that assess and benchmark Canada's STI progress and performance, particularly against that of international jurisdictions. The reports track trends in Canada's performance and identify areas of Canada's STI strengths and vulnerabilities. The reports provide a common evidence base for decision-making by governments, industry, and academia, and serve as a vehicle to engage the various partners of Canada's STI ecosystem.

STIC is supported by a Secretariat staffed by federal public servants of Industry Canada. The Secretariat provides analytical, advisory, and administrative services to the Council.