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Business Innovation

How much are Canadian
businesses spending on R&D?

Canadian firms are not sufficiently harnessing innovation to make competitive gains. In Canada, although business expenditures on R&D (BERD) increased very slightly in 2011 and 2012, BERD as a percentage of GDP has been in almost continuous decline for the past decade. As a result, Canada has fallen in the OECD rankings on this measure, with BERD-to-GDP at less than 40 percent of the threshold of the top five performing countries in 2011.

Slide to see the change
  • 2006
  • 2008
  • 2011

40% of threshold of the top 5 performers (2011)

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top 5 countries
Top 5 performers
threshold
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Canada 2006 rank(18) Canada 2006 rank(18) Canada 2006 rank(18)